Urbanization comes at a huge cost on the environment. Most often Trees have to be sacrificed when there is any sort of development activity that is about to be undertaken. It could be anything from building a road to a High rise. We have seen the consequences of our actions and its implications on our Environment. Although Tree transplantation is not a new concept it is one that requires a lot of care and effort while carrying out the activity. One single mistake and the whole effort goes down the drain.
The cognizance of the situation should first be promoted by the Government authorities that carry out maximum developmental work. Departments should be formed to carry out Tree Transplantation on a large scale so that we do not harm the environment in the name of development. Even environmentalists that protest felling of trees will welcome such a move. It is a step in a positive direction but needs to be conducted on a large scale.
All kinds of Projects that require felling of trees are eventually beneficial for Humans at the end of the day. Some create Jobs some create housing some build to entertain. But all for human need. We are not the only ones that this planet belongs to. It also belongs to a million other species likes plants, insects, animals, microorganisms, etc. They too have a right to the planet.
Basics that are required for tree transplantation
Identifying the right spot: It is important when tree transplantation is considered that the spot it is being transported to matches the requirements that the tree needs to survive. Factors like adequate water, type of soil, climatic conditions etc.
Pre Uprooting process: Before the Tree is actually uprooted. The land around the tree and its roots should be moistened properly. Start watering the area for two three days before the actual day of transplant.
Identifying roots and uprooting: A Pit needs to be dug around the tree. Which should also be deep enough to ensure that you reach the tip of the roots. Ensuring that all of the roots are intact and are able to retain the soil around them. It should represent a ball of soil at the bottom of the tree. This also called ‘Root Ball’
Getting it ready for Transport: Once you have successfully dug out the tree with the Root ball intact. You can tip the tree on one side and cover the root ball with gunny bags or sack typically cloth made out of jute. Secure that Cloth with ropes to the tree’s trunk. The Tree is now ready for transport. It should be transported in a manner where the Root ball remains intact.
Tree Transplantation is a tedious and time-consuming process
Pre-Installation process: Once you have brought the tree to the spot that it needs to be transplanted in. You need to ensure you dig a pit deep enough for the entire root ball to fit in leaving some additional space on all sides which can filled with the unearthed soil.
Installation Process: After the pit is ready, place the tree in the pit with the root ball fitting in the pit. Cut the rope that secures the cloth around the root ball once you have buried two-thirds of the root ball. Cut the visible remains of the jute cloth that is visible and continue filling mud into the pit. Cover till the base of the trunk with Mud. And water thoroughly.
Post Installation process: Once replanted or successfully transplanted. It is important to monitor the tree for the next couple of months. Ensuring that it is watered every 10 days or so. This will ensure that you have successfully completed the task of saving a Tree or life rather.